It is correct to point this out in the results section. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper. Present a section and then discuss it, before presenting the next section then discussing it, and so on. This is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding. In this model, it can be helpful to provide a brief conclusion in the results section that ties each of the findings together and links to the discussion.
Content In general, the content of your results section should include the following elements: An introductory context for understanding the results by restating the research problem that underpins the purpose of your study. A summary of your key findings arranged in a logical sequence that generally follows your methodology section. Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc.
In the text, a systematic description of your results, highlighting for the reader observations that are most relevant to the topic under investigation [remember that not all results that emerge from the methodology that you used to gather the data may be relevant]. Use of the past tense when refering to your results. The page length of your results section is guided by the amount and types of data to be reported. However, focus only on findings that are important and related to addressing the research problem.
Using Non-textual Elements Either place figures, tables, charts, etc. In the text, refer to each non-textual element in numbered order [e. If you place non-textual elements at the end of the report, make sure they are clearly distinguished from any attached appendix materials, such as raw data. Regardless of placement, each non-textual element must be numbered consecutively and complete with caption [caption goes under the figure, table, chart, etc.
In proofreading your results section, be sure that each non-textual element is sufficiently complete so that it could stand on its own, separate from the text. Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following : Discussing or interpreting your results. Save all this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e.
Full Paper Format
Reporting background information or attempting to explain your findings ; this should have been done in your Introduction section, but don't panic! Often the results of a study point to the need to provide additional background information or to explain the topic further, so don't think you did something wrong. Revise your introduction as needed. Ignoring negative results. If some of your results fail to support your hypothesis, do not ignore them. Document them, then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. Note that negative results, and how you handle them, often provides you with the opportunity to write a more engaging discussion section, therefore, don't be afraid to highlight them.
Including raw data or intermediate calculations. Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files. Following the ethical conduct is very critical in the academic world. Hence, any act of plagiarism cannot be tolerated. If an author is found to commit an act of plagiarism, the submission will be automatically dismissed.
The length of the presentation should be around 15 minutes. You can use any form of presentations you wish.
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- What is introduction in research paper?.
- the diary of a napoleonic foot soldier essay;
- Importance of a Good Introduction;
- Journal of Computational & Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering (JCARME).
We will provide the necessary equipment upon request. Please arrive for your presentation early to insure all necessary equipment is present. Sign up in the newsletter form below to receive the latest news and updates about this Conference. Using shear lag model, equilibrium equations are deduced and upon proper application of initial and boundary conditions, the complete field equations are obtained using finite difference method. The results of dynamic effect of fiber breakage on stress concentration are well examined in presence of a second type fiber.
These results are compared to those of their static values in both models.
The effect of surface cracks on stress concentration, as a result of fiber breakage, is also examined. The values of dynamic stress concentrations is deduced and compared to those of a lamina. Also, the peak stress concentration during transition time for fibers to reach static equilibrium is calculated and compared with those of static values. Pressure Vessels. To analyze the regulator performance, the equation of motion for inner parts, the continuity equation for diverse chambers and the equation for mass flow rate were derived.
Because of nonlinearity Read More In this paper, the dynamic simulation for a high pressure regulator is performed to obtain the regulator behavior. Because of nonlinearity and coupling, these equations are solved using numerical methods and the results are presented. Additionally, the dynamic analysis results consist of the output pressure change versus time, the displacement of the moving parts versus time, the regulator mass flow rate versus time and the output pressure versus mass flow rate in different controlling spring pre-loads.
Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis is carried out and the main parameters affecting the regulator performance are identified.
Outline for Research Proposal
Finally, the results of the dynamic simulation are validated by comparing them with the experimental results. Fracture Mechanics. In practice, the experimental determination of a forming limit curve is Read More Forming limit curves are used as a parameter in finite element analysis to control the material's level of formability. In practice, the experimental determination of a forming limit curve is a very time-consuming procedure which requires special and expensive equipment.
Forming limit diagram FLD is derived by the simulation of Erichsen test out-of-plane stretching test using hemispherical punch. There are few studies on the prediction of necking time, which is obtained by the application of Pepelnjak algorithm and ductile fracture criterion. In order for the validation, the numerical result of forming limit diagram FLD was compared with the experimental and analytical results and a good correlation was observed. Effect of the thickness of the sheet on forming limit curves was investigated and the results showed that increased thickness of the sheet led to raised level of the FLD and MSFLD; but, FLSD did not change considerably.
Fluid Mechanics. On the other hand, becaus eof the competition in the market, it is necessary to Read More Nowadays, due to the increasing power of diesel engines, especially heavy duty diesel engines, and increasing gas pressure inside the combustion chamber, the forces acting on the engine bearings have dramatically raised. On the other hand, becaus eof the competition in the market, it is necessary to increase the engine bearing life and reduce its failure as much as possible.
The engine bearings analysis is a vital issue in engine design process as well as other related engineering tasks such as engine power upgrading, reverse designing, and bearing failure analysis. So, many attempts have been made to simulate accurate engine bearings. In this paper, results of a thermo-elasto-hydrodynamic TEHD analysis of a connecting rod big end BE bearing of a heavy duty diesel engine are presented.
Here, the oil film viscosity is considered a function of oil's local temperature and pressure. Effects of flexibility of bearing shell and connecting rod structure are also considered.
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Therefore, the computed oil film pressure and temperature distributions are relatively precise. In the proposed analytical procedure, at first, elasto-hydrodynamic EHD analysis is carried out and the averaged fluid velocity in the bearing is obtained. Then, the averaged heat transfer coefficient between oil film and crank pin is calculated, which is used as an input in TEHD analysis.
Results of EHD and TEHD analyses are compared with each other and the main characteristic parameters in bearing design are reported and interpreted. The butt-joint welds were made using CO2 laser with the maximum power of 2. Read More This paper was aimed to report the 3D finite element analysis simulation of laser welding process of Ti6Al4V 1.
A part of the experimental work was carried out to verify the weld geometry with specific weld parameters including power, speed, and focal position.
Writing a Research Report in American Psychological Association (APA) Style
Another part investigated the effect of focal position on the weld bead geometry. Subsequently, the shapes of the molten pool were predicted by the numerical analysis method and compared with the results obtained through the experimentation, which led to finding a good agreement. Heat and Mass Transfer. Furthermore, effect of Uniform and Gaussian heat flux distribution in Read More Laser forming is a modern process which is mainly used for forming metals.
Furthermore, effect of Uniform and Gaussian heat flux distribution in different power, velocity, and beam diameters on bending angle was studied. FEM simulation indicated that, in the same conditions of analysis, Uniform heat flux distribution caused higher bending angle than Gaussian heat flux distribution. Moreover, the results showed that there was an optimum point at different speeds and laser beam diameters, at which the bending angle was maximum.
In order to evaluating the numerical results, a set of experiments was conducted, which showed good agreement. Excessive temperature produced during drilling is one of the destructive factors for bony tissue. If the temperature generation during surgical drilling exceeds the critical temperature, it could lead to osteonecrosis.
Read More Abstract The first step of implanting teeth is to drill a hole in the jaw bone. This research intends to study drilling parameters such as drilling speed, feed rate, cooling condition and tool geometry by FEM method in order to achieve the most appropriate drilling conditions. Three dimensional modeling of lower jaw bone from the CT scan images was made by Mimics For this purpose, drill bits with different geometrical parameter including point angles of 90, 70, and degrees and helix angles of 20, 23, and 30 degrees were designed in the software. Also, by using coolant the maximum temperature reduced by approximately 12 degrees.
The finite element results were validated by available experimental data. Research Paper Heat and Mass Transfer.
Furthermore, the role of viscous heating, thermal radiation, uneven energy gain or loss, Read More The present numerical attempt deals the sway to transfer of heat and mass characteristics on the time-dependent hydromagnetic boundary layer flow of a viscous fluid over an exponentially inclined preamble stretching. Furthermore, the role of viscous heating, thermal radiation, uneven energy gain or loss, velocity slip, thermal slip and solutal slips are depicted. Influence of various notable parameters like porosity, inertia coefficient, radiation, Eckert number, velocity, thermal and solutal slip are explored via graphs and tables for the cases of assisting and opposing flows.
Comparison amid the previously published work and the present numerical outcomes for the limiting cases which are received to be in a righteous agreement. Temperature increments with large values of the non-uniform heat source. Research Paper Internal Combustion Engine. In order to conduct Read More In this computational research, the separate and simultaneous impacts of diesel direct injection timing, fuel spraying cone angle, and hydrogen gas addition on combustion characteristics, output emissions, and performance in a single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine was studied.
In order to conduct the simulations, valid and reliable models for combustion, break-up, and for turbulence was used. The effects of fifteen fuel injection strategies based on characteristics such as time of fuel spraying , CA BTDC, and TDC and nozzle cone angle , , , , and degrees under neat diesel combustion and diesel-hydrogen combustion engine operations conditions were explored.
The obtained results indicated that the addition of H2 due to significant heating value has increased indicated power and improved indicated specific energy consumption at the expense of NOx emissions but considerably decreased CO and soot emissions simultaneously.
By advancing injection timing, maximum pressure peak point, maximum temperature peak point, and maximum heat release rate peak point have increased and caused lower indicated specific energy consumption. However, using a wide spray angle e.